What is GAD?

Refers to the development perspective and process that is participatory and empowering, equitable, sustainable, free from violence, respectful of human rights, and supportive of self-determination and actualization of human potentials

Seeks to achieve gender equality as a fundamental value that should be reflected in development choices;

seeks to transform society's social, economic, and political structures and questions the validity of the gender roles they ascribed to women and men;

contends that women are active agents of development and not just passive recipients of development assistance; and

stresses the need of women to organize themselves and participate in political processes to strengthen their legal rights


 Gender Sensitivity

  • The act of being aware of the ways people think about gender, so that individuals rely less on assumptions about traditional and outdated views on the roles of men and women
  • The ability to recognize issues and problems in the way societies look at gender
  • Looks at how women act and are treated and the different ways that women understand their roles;

Includes an understanding of stereotypes and how discrimination and gender roles hurt people, both in the past and still today

A gender-sensitive program addresses the differential losses of both women and men, and seeks to anticipate the balance of power in the interest of community survival.

Gender Mainstreaming

  • Refers to the strategy for making women's, as well as men's, concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programs in all political, economic and societal spheres so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated
  • The process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies, or programs in all areas and at all levels



It was said that good governance can only come about in a gender-responsive environment - one that enhances the abilities of women and men to contribute to and benefit from development. (The Philippine Framework Plan for Women, 1994)

The Philippine Constitution guarantees the fundamental equality of women and men before the law. It also recognizes the role of women in nation building. Republic Act (RA) No. 9710, otherwise known as the 2009 Magna Carta of Women (MCW), seeks to increase women's participation and their equitable representation in decision-making and policy-making processes in government. These are major requirements for women to fully realize their role as agents and beneficiaries of development. (Section 11, Magna Carta of Women)

On the other hand, RA 7192, otherwise known as the Women in Development and Nation Building Act, mandates government agencies to implement a Gender and Development (GAD) mainstreaming policy that entails the incorporation of gender perspective in particular agency policies and programs, and processes.

As such, all government agencies, such as the PNP, are duty-bound to: (a) refrain from discriminating against women and violating their rights; (b) protect women against discrimination and from violation of their rights by private corporations, entities and individuals; and (c) promote and fulfill the rights of women in all spheres, including their rights to substantive equality and non-discrimination.



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